Arzimaslik qonuni
Qonunlar 0 06.08.2023 269

Arzimaslik qonuni Wikipedia

Ushbu qonun guruhlar jiddiy va muhim masalalarga emas, balki ahamiyatsiz yoki kosmetik masalalarga ko'proq vaqt va e'tibor berishini ko'rsatadi.

Qo'llaniladigan umumiy xayoliy misol - atom elektr stantsiyasining rejalarini tasdiqlovchi qo'mita, ular ko'p vaqtlarini elektr stantsiyasining o'zi uchun muhimroq dizaynni emas, balki velosiped omborining tuzilishini muhokama qilishga sarflaydilar. Mavzu bo'yicha yuqori darajadagi tajriba yoki tayyorgarliksiz juda katta, murakkab mavzular bo'yicha munozaralarga qimmatli hissa qo'shish qiyin bo'lishi mumkin. Biroq, odamlar qimmatli hissa qo'shayotganini ko'rishni xohlashadi. Shunday qilib, osonlikcha mulohaza yuritish mumkin bo'lgan, ammo alohida ahamiyatga ega bo'lmagan mayda tafsilotlarga juda ko'p vaqt sarflash tendentsiyasi mavjud.

Yuqoridagi xayoliy misol arzimas tafsilotlarga vaqt sarflashning ifodasi sifatida "Velosipedni to'kish" atamasini ishlatishga olib keldi. Tegishli atama "Yak Shaving" bo'lib, u asosiy vazifani bajarish uchun zaruriy shartlarning uzoq zanjirining bir qismi bo'lgan ahamiyatsiz ko'rinadigan faoliyatni anglatadi.

The Law of Triviality
Qonunlar 0 06.08.2023 269

The Law of Triviality on Wikipedia

This law suggests that groups will give far more time and attention to trivial or cosmetic issues rather than serious and substantial ones.

The common fictional example used is that of a committee approving plans for nuclear power plant, who spend the majority of their time discussing the structure of the bike shed, rather than the far more important design for the power plant itself. It can be difficult to give valuable input on discussions about very large, complex topics without a high degree of subject matter expertise or preparation. However, people want to be seen to be contributing valuable input. Hence a tendency to focus too much time on small details, which can be reasoned about easily, but are not necessarily of particular importance.

The fictional example above led to the usage of the term 'Bike Shedding' as an expression for wasting time on trivial details. A related term is 'Yak Shaving,' which connotes a seemingly irrelevant activity that is part of a long chain of prerequisites to the main task.